Устные темы. Аутентика.
Oral English Activities Resources for Teachers
- 5 ways to say sorry - Polite English
- Even a simple “hello” can be an occasion for a mini-lesson in an ESL class. The teacher can tell students after they’ve greeted each other that Americans rarely greet each other with “Hello”; “Hi” is more common, and “How are you?” or “How’s it going?” more common still. This can also lead into some discussion of the true meanings of these expressions. Unless it’s from your doctor, “How are you?” is not a real inquiry into your health but just a greeting, and the appropriate response is “fine.” Teachers should also go over correct pronunciation of the expressions: in phrases like “How’s it going?” typically words are reduced and connected, not pronounced individually, as it is written, and “How’s it” sounds something like “Howzit.” Additional expressions for greeting and expressions for farewells can also be gone over if time.
This is an effective warmer because it takes what students are likely doing at that moment, greeting each other, and turns it into a lesson on idioms, culture, and pronunciation.
You are learning English. Of course you want to speak naturally, as if you were American or British. But how can you do this? Here are five tips to help.
1 - use ‘get’
‘Get’ is one of the most useful – and most used – words in the English language. English speakers use it all the time! Take a look at this example:
English Learner: What time did you arrive?
Native Speaker: What time did you get there?
‘Get’ has so many meanings. It can mean ‘take’ or ‘buy’. English learners often have trouble using ‘get’ to mean ‘become’:
English Learner: I became angry when the train was late.
Native Speaker: I got angry when the train was late.
In fact, we generally use ‘get’ for temporary situations and ‘become’ for permanent situations.
Temporary: She got bored with the movie.
Permanent: Ralph became a doctor at age twenty-five.
Incorrect: Ralph got a doctor at age twenty-five.
2 - use ‘used to’
‘Used to’ is one of the most useful phrases in English, and it is even easy to pronounce. English learners often get confused when they try to substitute a phrase from their own language:
English Learner: Last time, I smoked a lot.
English Learner: I smoked a lot, but now, no.
Native Speaker: I used to smoke a lot.
Here’s a word of warning. There are two forms of ‘used to’ in English and they both have different meanings and grammatical structures:
Example 1: I used to be a policeman.
Example 2: I am used to eating spicy food.
In example 1, the meaning is ‘in the past, but not now’. In example 2, the meaning is ‘familiar with’.
3 - use ‘managed to’
Here is another phrase that does not translate easily into other languages. As a result, it is difficult for learners to start using. To manage to do something is to succeed in doing it. However, if you use the phrase ‘succeed’ instead, the result sounds clumsy:
English Learner: Did you succeed to find the keys that you lost?
Native Speaker: Did you manage to find the keys that you lost?
4 - use ‘about to’
‘About to’ is a little phrase that is surprisingly useful. Listen out for it and you will be surprised how often you hear it used. We use this phrase to show that something will happen soon. Here is how a native speaker might use it:
English Learner: I think it is going to rain soon.
Native Speaker: It looks like it’s about to rain.
English Learner: I can’t have another coffee. I am going soon.
Native Speaker: I don’t have time for another coffee. I’m about to go.
5 - don’t use ‘very’
Why not use ‘very’? It’s not incorrect at all, but using ‘very’ actually prevents you from applying more descriptive vocabulary. For example, instead of saying ‘very large’, why not say ‘huge’? Instead of saying the food is very good, why not say that it is absolutely delicious? Just to get you started, here are some more phrases that you can use instead of saying ‘very’:
very good - terrific, fabulous, excellent
very bad - awful, terrible, dreadful
very small - tiny, microscopic
very old - ancient
very new - brand-new
very beautiful - gorgeous
very clean - spotless
Jay Walker on the world's English mania